Intermittent restraint-induced sympathetic activation attenuates hepatic steatosis and inflammation in a high-fat diet-fed mouse model
- Lee, Sung Bae; Kim, Hyeong Geug; Lee, Jin Seok; Kim, Won Yong; Lee, Myong Min; Kim, Yun Hee; Lee, Jung Ok; Kim, Hyeon Soo; Son, Chang Gue
- Issue Date
- American Physiological Society
- beneficial effects; NAFLD; NASH; stress; sympathetic activation
- American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, v.317, no.6, pp.G811 - G823
- Journal Title
- American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
- Start Page
- End Page
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is very prevalent worldwide and is associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Stress is a physiological and biological response to maintain homeostasis of the body against stressors while severe stress response is an important contributor to various illnesses, including metabolic syndrome and brain disorders. We have evaluated the effects of intermittent restraint stress on NAFLD in a high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mouse model. C57/BL6 mice had free access to a 60% HFD for 8 wk, with or without intermittent restraint stress (3 h) conducted three times a week. HFD administration increased fat accumulation in liver tissues. Unlike the stressed standard diet group, the levels of hepatic total cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly ameliorated in the HFD with stress group compared with the HFD alone group. These beneficial results were in accordance with serum levels of liver enzymes (aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase) and hepatic levels of TNF-alpha and oxidative stress parameters (reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide, and malondialdehyde). The intermittent restraint stress significantly attenuated the HFD-derived alterations in serum insulin levels, hepatic protein kinase B activity, and gene expression, especially related to lipogenesis. This intermittent restraint stress also elevated the serum epinephrine concentration and activated the adrenergic receptor beta 2 or beta 3 in livers or white adipose tissue (WAT). Activation of energy expenditure markers (uncoupling protein 1, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 alpha) in brown adipose tissue and the browning of WAT were also observed in the HFD with stress group. Taken together, our findings showed the beneficial effects of sympathetic activation by intermittent restraint stress on HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and partial inflammation.
NEW & NOTEWORTHY
In modern society, stress is a part of daily life, and a certain level of stress is inevitable to most of the general population. Uncontrolled severe stress is obviously harmful; however, certain kind/level of stress could be beneficial on lipid metabolism via sympathetic activation. Our data suggest that a sympathetic activation by intermittent restraint stress could play a positive role in maintaining the balance of hepatic lipid metabolism, especially under high-fat diet conditions.
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- 1. Basic Science > Department of Anatomy > 1. Journal Articles
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