Assessment of the Type D Personality Construct in the Korean Population: A Validation Study of the Korean DS14
- Lim, Hong Euy; Lee, Moon-Soo; Ko, Young-Hoon; Park, Young-Min; Joe, Sook-Haeng; Kim, Yong-Ku; Han, Changsu; Lee, Hwa-Young; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Denollet, Johan
- Issue Date
- KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
- Anxiety; Coronary Disease; Depression; Hypertension; Type D Personality; DS14
- JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, v.26, no.1, pp.116 - 123
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
- Start Page
- End Page
- This study aimed to develop a Korean version of the Type D Personality Scale-14 (DS14) and evaluate the psychiatric symptomatology of Korean cardiac patients with Type D personality. Healthy control (n = 954), patients with a coronary heart disease (n = 111) and patients with hypertension and no heart disease (n = 292) were recruited. All three groups completed DS14, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), the state subscale of Spielberger State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale (CESD), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The Korean DS14 was internally consistent and stable over time. 27% of the subjects were classified as Type D. Type D individuals had significantly higher mean scores on the STAI-S, CESD, and GHQ compared to non-Type D subjects in each group. The Korean DS14 was a valid and reliable tool for identifying Type D personality. The general population and cardiovascular patients with Type D personality showed higher rate of depression, anxiety and psychological distress regarding their health. Therefore, identifying Type D personality is important in clinical research and practice in chronic medical disorders, especially cardiovascular disease, in Korea.
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- 5. Others > Others(Medicine) > 1. Journal Articles
- 2. Clinical Science > Department of Psychiatry > 1. Journal Articles
- 2. Clinical Science > Department of Cardiology > 1. Journal Articles
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