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Cited 77 time in webofscience Cited 75 time in scopus
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The Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and the Associated Factors to CKD in Urban Korea: A Population-based Cross-sectional Epidemiologic Study

Authors
Kim, SuhnggwonLim, Chun SooHan, Dong CheolKim, Gyo SunChin, Ho JunKim, Seung-JungCho, Won YongKim, Yeong HoonKim, Yon-Su
Issue Date
Jan-2009
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Keywords
Korea; Kidney Failure; Chronic; Epidemiologic Studies
Citation
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, v.24, pp.S11 - S21
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
KCI
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
Volume
24
Start Page
S11
End Page
S21
URI
https://scholarworks.korea.ac.kr/kumedicine/handle/2020.sw.kumedicine/16306
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2009.24.S1.S11
ISSN
1011-8934
Abstract
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem. This study was designed to survey the prevalence and risk factors for CKD in Korea. The 2,356 subjects were selected in proportion to age, gender, and city. Subjects 35 yr of age or older were selected from 7 cities. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation, with albuminuria defined as a urine albumin to creatinine ratio of 30 mg/g or more. The overall prevalence of CKD was 13.7%. The prevalences of CKD according to stage were 2.0% stage 1, 6.7% stage 2, 4.8% stage 3, 0.2% stage 4, and 0.0% stage 5. The prevalences of microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were 8.6% and 1.6%, respectively. The prevalence of eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) was 5.0%. Age, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and fasting blood glucose were independent factors related to the presence of CKD. In conclusions, Korea, in which the prevalence of CKD is increasing, should prepare a policy for early detection and appropriate treatment of CKD. The present data will be helpful in taking those actions.
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Cho, Won Yong
Anam Hospital (Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Anam Hospital)
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