The role of nitric oxide in experimental cerulein induced pancreatitis
- Um, SH; Kwon, YD; Kim, CD; Lee, HS; Jeen, YT; Chun, HJ; Lee, SW; Choi, JH; Ryu, HS; Hyun, JH
- Issue Date
- KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
- pancreatitis; acute necrotizing; inducible nitric-oxide synthase; nitric oxide; caerulein
- JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, v.18, no.4, pp.520 - 526
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE
- Start Page
- End Page
- An enhanced formation of nitric oxide (NO), due to the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS), has been implicated in the pathogenesis of shock and inflammation, but its role in acute pancreatitis still remains controversial. To clarify the role of NO in acute pancreatitis, the present experiment investigated the expression of NOS and the effect of NOS inhibition on cerulein-induced pancreatitis in rats. Group I received intraperitoneal (ip) injection of normal saline. Group 11 received two ip injections of cerulein (20 mug/kg). Group III received injections of N-G-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (30 mg/kg) with cerulein. Group IV received L-arginine (250 mg/kg) with cerulein and L-NAME. The expression of NOS in the pancreas was examined by western blot analysis. The plasma concentration of NO metabolites was measured. The severity of pancreatitis was assessed by measuring serum amylase, pancreas water content and histopathological examination. Compared with controls, the cerulein group displayed significantly increased expression of NOS and raised plasma NO metabolites. Treatment with L-NAME significantly decreased hyperamylasemia, plasma NO level, and the extent of pancreatic injury. Treatment with L-arginine reversed the effects of L-NAME. Those findings suggest that an enhanced formation of NO by NOS plays an important role in the development of acute pancreatitis, and inhibition of NO production has the beneficial effects in reducing pancreas injury.
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- 5. Others > Others(Medicine) > 1. Journal Articles
- 2. Clinical Science > Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology > 1. Journal Articles
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