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Cited 10 time in webofscience Cited 11 time in scopus
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Dose-dependent depth of tissue injury with carbon dioxide cryotherapy in porcine GI tract

Authors
Shin, Eun JiAmateau, Stuart K.Kim, YongsikGabrielson, Kathleen L.Montgomery, Elizabeth A.Khashab, Mouen A.Chandrasekhara, VinayRolshud, DaniilGiday, Samuel A.Canto, Marcia Irene
Issue Date
May-2012
Publisher
Mosby Inc.
Keywords
carbon dioxide; CO2; intravenous; IV
Citation
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, v.75, no.5, pp.1062 - 1067
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
Journal Title
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume
75
Number
5
Start Page
1062
End Page
1067
URI
https://scholarworks.korea.ac.kr/kumedicine/handle/2020.sw.kumedicine/35071
DOI
10.1016/j.gie.2011.12.007
ISSN
0016-5107
Abstract
Background Cryotherapy is a method of endoscopic mucosal ablation that involves delivery of a cryogen to result in tissue destruction by extreme low temperature. Its effects are influenced by the dosage of cryogen and thawing of ice. There are limited data on the tissue effects of multiple freeze and thaw cycles of carbon dioxide (CO2) cryotherapy on GI tissues. Objective To investigate the extent of tissue injury due to escalating doses of CO2 cryotherapy on the esophagus, stomach, and colon of pigs. Design Animal experiment. Intervention Varying doses of CO2 cryotherapy with increasing number of freeze-thaw cycles were applied to each site. The animals were allowed to survive for 48 hours. Main Outcome Measurements Depth of tissue injury assessed in blinded fashion by varying doses of cryotherapy on a defined area of porcine esophagus, stomach, and colon. Results There was a dose-dependent relationship of CO2 cryogen and depth of injury (P = .0001 and P = .002, respectively). In the stomach, the dose-response relationship was significant (P = .007), but the average grades of injury across the various doses were lower when compared with the esophagus at comparable cryogen doses (P = .0004). The estimated depth of tissue injury from the mucosal surface in the porcine esophagus and colon tissue ranged from 1.2 to 2.5 mm and 1.3 to 2.5 mm, respectively. Limitations The study was performed in a normal porcine model. Conclusion There was a dose-dependent relationship between the dose of CO2 cryotherapy and the depth of tissue injury in the porcine esophagus, stomach, and colon.
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