Quality of Life in Newly Diagnosed Moderate-to-Severe Ulcerative Colitis: Changes in the MOSAIK Cohort Over 1 Year
- Jo, Ik Hyun; Lee, Kang-Moon; Kim, Dae Bum; Kim, Ji Won; Lee, Jun; Jeen, Yoon Tae; Kim, Tae-Oh; Kim, Joo Sung; Park, Jae Jun; Hong, Sung Noh; Park, Dong Il; Kim, Hyun-Soo; Lee, Yoo Jin; Kim, Youngdoe
- Issue Date
- 거트앤리버 발행위원회
- Colitis; ulcerative; Quality of life; Treatment outcome; Cohort studies
- Gut and Liver, v.16, no.3, pp.384 - 395
- Journal Title
- Gut and Liver
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background/Aims: Improving quality of life has been gaining importance in ulcerative colitis (UC) management. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) and related factors in patients with moderate-to-severe UC.
Methods: A multicenter, hospital-based, prospective study was performed using a Moderateto-Severe Ulcerative Colitis Cohort in Korea (the MOSAIK). Changes in HRQL, evaluated using the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), were analyzed at the time of diagnosis and 1 year later.
Results: In a sample of 276 patients, the mean age was 38.4 years, and the majority of patients were male (59.8%). HRQL tended to increase in both the IBDQ and SF-12 1 year after diagnosis. A higher partial Mayo score was significantly related to poorer HRQL on the IBDQ and SF-12 in a linear mixed model (p<0.01). Inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate also showed a negative correlation on HRQL (p<0.05). Patients whose IBDQ score improved by 16 or more (71.2%) in 1 year were younger, tended to be nonsmokers, and had a lower partial Mayo score and CRP than those whose IBDQ score did not. There was no significant association between HRQL and disease extent, treatments at diagnosis, or the highest treatment step during the 1-year period.
Conclusions: Optimally controlled disease status improves HRQL in patients with moderate-tosevere UC. The partial Mayo score and inflammatory markers may be potential indicators reflecting the influence of UC on patient`s daily lives. (Gut Liver, Published online August 11, 2021)
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- 2. Clinical Science > Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology > 1. Journal Articles
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