Epstein-Barr virus-encoded latent membrane protein 1 induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition by inducing V-set Ig domain containing 4 (VSIG4) expression via NF-kB in renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells
- Kim S.-M.; Oh S.W.; Park S.H.; Hur D.Y.; Hong S.-W.; Han S.Y.
- Issue Date
- Elsevier B.V.
- EBV; EMT; LMP1; NF-kB; Renal tubular cell; VSIG4
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, v.492, no.3, pp.316 - 322
- Journal Title
- Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
- Start Page
- End Page
- The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), a hallmark of chronic kidney disease, is a key event in the conversion from tubular epithelial cells to myofibroblasts in renal fibrosis. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a γ-herpes oncovirus associated with chronic kidney disease. However, the relationship between EBV and the EMT process in renal tubular epithelial cells is not well understood. Among EBV-latent genes, EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) induces EMT by regulating a variety of molecules in EBV-induced oncogenic transformation. In this study, we investigated EBV-encoded LMP1 and EMT process markers in human proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2. LMP1 overexpression induces cell morphological changes via the epithelial to mesenchymal process in HK-2 cells, and these changes accelerate cell proliferation, cell motility, and invasion. Furthermore, VSIG4 upregulation by EBV-LMP1 induced LMP1-mediated EMT, cell motility, and invasion. VSIG4 upregulation by LMP1 was regulated at the transcriptional level via the NF-kB signaling axis. These results suggest that EBV-encoded LMP1 regulates EMT through the NF-kB-VSIG4 axis in HK-2 cells, and VSIG4 is a potential target in EBV-induced chronic kidney diseases. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
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- 2. Clinical Science > Department of Nephrology and Hypertension > 1. Journal Articles
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