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Endoscopic variceal obturation and retrograde transvenous obliteration for acute gastric cardiofundal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosisopen access

Lee, Han AhKwak, JungwonCho, Sung BumLee, Young-SunJung, Young KulKim, Ji HoonKim, Seung UpAn, HyongginYim, Hyung JoonYeon, Jong EunSeo, Yeon Seok
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BioMed Central
Rebleeding; Prevention; Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration; Vascular plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration; Portal hypertension
BMC Gastroenterology, v.22, no.1
Journal Title
BMC Gastroenterology
Background/Aims We retrospectively compared the effect of endoscopic variceal obturation (EVO) and retrograde transvenous obliteration (RTO) in acute cardiofundal variceal bleeding. Methods Patients with acute cardiofundal variceal bleeding treated with EVO or RTO at two hospitals were included. Results Ninety patients treated with EVO and 86 treated with RTO were analyzed. The mean model for end-stage liver disease score was significantly higher in EVO group than in RTO group (13.5 vs. 11.7, P = 0.016). The bleeding control rates were high (97.8% vs. 96.5%), and the treatment-related complication rates were low in both EVO and RTO groups (2.2% vs. 3.5%). During the median follow-up of 18.0 months, gastric variceal (GV) and esophageal variceal rebleeding occurred in 34 (19.3%) and 7 (4.0%) patients, respectively. The all-variceal rebleeding rates were comparable between EVO and RTO groups (32.4% vs. 20.8% at 2-year, P = 0.150), while the GV rebleeding rate was significantly higher in EVO group than in RTO group (32.4% vs. 12.8% at 2-year, P = 0.003). On propensity score-matched analysis (71 patients in EVO vs. 71 patients in RTO group), both all-variceal and GV rebleeding rates were significantly higher in EVO group than in RTO group (all P < 0.05). In Cox regression analysis, EVO (vs. RTO) was the only significant predictor of higher GV rebleeding risk (hazard ratio 3.132, P = 0.005). The mortality rates were similar between two groups (P = 0.597). Conclusions Both EVO and RTO effectively controlled acute cardiofundal variceal bleeding. RTO was superior to EVO in preventing all-variceal and GV rebleeding after treatment, with similar survival outcomes.
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1. Basic Science > Department of Biostatistics > 1. Journal Articles
2. Clinical Science > Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology > 1. Journal Articles
2. Clinical Science > Department of Radiology > 1. Journal Articles


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Kim, Ji Hoon
구로병원 (Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Guro Hospital)
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