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Association of temporal change in body mass index with sudden cardiac arrest in diabetes mellitus

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dc.contributor.authorJeong, Joo Hee-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yun Gi-
dc.contributor.authorHan, Kyung-Do-
dc.contributor.authorRoh, Seung-Young-
dc.contributor.authorLee, Hyoung Seok-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Yun Young-
dc.contributor.authorShim, Jaemin-
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Jong-Il-
dc.contributor.authorKim, Young-Hoon-
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-13T03:00:10Z-
dc.date.available2024-02-13T03:00:10Z-
dc.date.issued2024-01-
dc.identifier.issn1475-2840-
dc.identifier.urihttps://scholarworks.korea.ac.kr/kumedicine/handle/2021.sw.kumedicine/65423-
dc.description.abstractBackgroundUnderweight imposes significant burden on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, less is known about the impact of serial change in body weight status measured as body mass index (BMI) on the risk of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). This study investigated the association between SCA and temporal change in BMI among patients with diabetes mellitus.MethodsBased on Korean National Health Insurance Service database, participants with diabetes mellitus who underwent health examination between 2009 and 2012 and had prior health examination data (four years ago, 2005-2008) were retrospectively analyzed. BMI was measured at baseline (2005-2008) and 4-year follow-up health examination (2009-2012). Patients were classified in four groups according to the body weight status and its temporal change: sustained non-underweight, sustained underweight, previous underweight, and newly developed underweight. Primary outcome was defined as occurrence of SCA.ResultsA total of 1,355,746 patients with diabetes mellitus were included for analysis, and SCA occurred in 12,554 cases. SCA was most common in newly developed underweight (incidence rate = 4.45 per 1,000 person-years), followed by sustained underweight (incidence rate = 3.90), previous underweight (incidence rate = 3.03), and sustained non-underweight (incidence rate = 1.34). Adjustment of covariates resulted highest risk of SCA in sustained underweight (adjusted hazard ratio = 2.60, 95% confidence interval [2.25-3.00], sustained non-underweight as a reference), followed by newly developed underweight (2.42, [2.15-2.74]), and previous underweight (2.12, [1.77-2.53]).ConclusionsIn diabetes mellitus, sustained underweight as well as decrease in body weight during 4-year follow-up imposes substantial risk on SCA. Recovery from underweight over time had relatively lower, but yet increased risk of SCA. Both underweight and dynamic decrease in BMI can be associated with increased risk of SCA.-
dc.language영어-
dc.language.isoENG-
dc.publisherBioMed Central-
dc.titleAssociation of temporal change in body mass index with sudden cardiac arrest in diabetes mellitus-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.publisher.location영국-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12933-024-02130-4-
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-85183416782-
dc.identifier.wosid001152523800003-
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationCardiovascular Diabetology, v.23, no.1-
dc.citation.titleCardiovascular Diabetology-
dc.citation.volume23-
dc.citation.number1-
dc.type.docTypeArticle-
dc.description.isOpenAccessY-
dc.description.journalRegisteredClassscie-
dc.description.journalRegisteredClassscopus-
dc.relation.journalResearchAreaCardiovascular System & Cardiology-
dc.relation.journalResearchAreaEndocrinology & Metabolism-
dc.relation.journalWebOfScienceCategoryCardiac & Cardiovascular Systems-
dc.relation.journalWebOfScienceCategoryEndocrinology & Metabolism-
dc.subject.keywordPlusUNDERWEIGHT-
dc.subject.keywordPlusOVERWEIGHT-
dc.subject.keywordPlusMORTALITY-
dc.subject.keywordPlusSURVIVAL-
dc.subject.keywordPlusDEATH-
dc.subject.keywordPlusRISK-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorUnderweight-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorDiabetes mellitus-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorSudden cardiac arrest-
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