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Cited 16 time in webofscience Cited 21 time in scopus
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Association study between glutathione S-transferase GST-M1 GST-T1, and GST-P1 polymorphisms and tardive dyskinesia

Authors
Kang, Seung-GulLee, Heon-JeongChoi, Jung-EunAn, HyongginRhee, MinKyuKim, Leen
Issue Date
Jan-2009
Publisher
WILEY
Keywords
tardive dyskinesia; schizophrenia; glutathione S-transferase; polymorphism
Citation
HUMAN PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL, v.24, no.1, pp.55 - 60
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
Journal Title
HUMAN PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL
Volume
24
Number
1
Start Page
55
End Page
60
URI
https://scholarworks.korea.ac.kr/kumedicine/handle/2020.sw.kumedicine/16318
DOI
10.1002/hup.988
ISSN
0885-6222
Abstract
Objectives Data front several studies suggest that oxidative stress may play a role in the pathophysiology of tardive dyskinesia (TD). Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes play important roles in protecting cells against oxidative stress. In the present study. we investigated the hypothesis that polymorphisms in genes for these detoxifying enzymes can influence susceptibility to TD in patients with schizophrenia. Methods The GST-M1, GST-T1, and GST-P1 loci were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods in 83 schizophrenic patients with TD and 126 schizophrenic without TD who were matched for antipsychotic drug exposure and other relevant variables. The multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) approach was used to analyze gene-gene interactions. Results There were no significant differences in the distributions of the GST-M1, GST-T1, and GST-P1 genotypes between the TD and non-TD groups (p > 0.05). However. in comparison of the severity of TD among genotypes using Poisson regression showed that lle/lle genotype of GST-P1 had higher AIMS score compared to lle/Va + Val/Val genotypes (X-2 = 7.13, p = 0.008). MDR analysis did not show a significant interaction between the three GST gene variants and susceptibility to TD (p > 0.05). Conclusions These results suggest that GST gene polymorphisms do not confer increased susceptibility to TD in patients with schizophrenia but TD severity might be related with GST-P1 variants. Copyright (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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1. Basic Science > Department of Biostatistics > 1. Journal Articles
2. Clinical Science > Department of Psychiatry > 1. Journal Articles

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