Portal Hypertensive Enteropathy Diagnosed by Capsule Endoscopy in Cirrhotic Patients: A Nationwide Multicenter Study
- Jeon, Seong Ran; Kim, Jin-Oh; Kim, Ji-Beom; Ye, Byong Duk; Chang, Dong Kyung; Shim, Ki-Nam; Cheung, Dae Young; Kim, Jin Soo; Choi, Myung Gyu; Song, Hyun Joo; Lim, Yun Jeong; Park, Soo Jung; Kim, Ji Hyun; Moon, Jeong Seop; Jeen, Yoon Tae
- Issue Date
- Capsule endoscopy; Enteropathy; Portal hypertension; Liver cirrhosis
- DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, v.59, no.5, pp.1036 - 1041
- Journal Title
- DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES
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- End Page
- Due to the limited data on portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE), the prevalence of and clinical factors related to PHE remain unclear. This study determined the prevalence of PHE using capsule endoscopy (CE) and PHE-related clinical factors. This was a retrospective multicenter study using the Capsule Endoscopy Nationwide Database Registry. From 2,879 cases that underwent CE, 45 cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension (PH) were enrolled and divided into PHE (n = 18) and non-PHE (n = 27) groups. From computed tomography (CT) images, six secondary changes due to PH were scored to give a total CT score of 0-6. The main outcome variable was the prevalence of PHE and PHE-related clinical factors. The prevalence of PHE was 40 %. Comparing the PHE and non-PHE groups, the most common findings were angiodysplasias in 55.7 % (vs. 7.4 %, p = 0.001) and varices in 38.9 % (vs. 0 %, p = 0.001). Active bleeding was observed in 16.6 and 3.7 %, respectively, but this difference was not significant. In the univariate analysis, Child-Turcotte-Pugh class C (p = 0.002) and a high CT score (a parts per thousand yen3 vs. < 3, p = 0.004) were significantly associated with PHE. However, only a high CT score was significant in the multivariate analysis (odds ratio 11.19; 95 % confidence interval, 1.59-infinity; p = 0.040). The prevalence of PHE was 40 %, and it might be more prevalent in cirrhosis patients with PH who have a high CT score. CE is a useful diagnostic tool for evaluating PHE in cirrhosis patients with PH.
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- 2. Clinical Science > Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology > 1. Journal Articles
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