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Computer-aided hepatocellular carcinoma detection on the hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging using a convolutional neural network: Feasibility evaluation with multi-sequence data

Cho, YongwonHan, Yeo EunKim, Min JuPark, Beom JinSim, Ki ChoonSung, Deuk JaeHan, Na YeonPark, Yang Shin
Issue Date
Elsevier BV
Abdominal Image Analysis; Computer -Aided Diagnosis; Deep Learning; Hepatocellular Carcinoma; Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, v.225
Journal Title
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Background and Objectives Diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on liver MRI needs analysis of multi-sequence images. However, developing computer-aided detection (CAD) for every single sequence requires considerable time and labor for image segmentation. Therefore, we developed CAD for HCC on the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a convolutional neural network (CNN) and evaluated its feasibility on multi-sequence, multi-unit, and multi-center data. Methods Patients who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI and surgery for HCC in Korea University Anam Hospital (KUAH) and Korea University Guro Hospital (KUGH) were reviewed. Finally, 170 nodules from 155 consecutive patients from KUAH and 28 nodules from 28 patients randomly selected from KUGH were included. Regions of interests were drawn on the whole HCC volume on HBP, T1-weighted (T1WI), T2-weighted (T2WI), and portal venous phase (PVP) images. The CAD was developed from the HBP images of KUAH using customized-nnUNet and post-processed for false-positive reduction. Internal and external validation of the CAD was performed with HBP, T1WI, T2WI, and PVP of KUAH and KUGH. Results The figure of merit and recall of the jackknife alternative free-response receiver operating characteristic of the CAD for HBP, T1WI, T2WI, and PVP at false-positive rate 0.5 were (0.87 and 87.0), (0.73 and 73.3), (0.13 and 13.3), and (0.67 and 66.7) in KUAH and (0.86 and 86.0), (0.61 and 53.6), (0.07 and 0.07), and (0.57 and 53.6) in KUGH, respectively. Conclusions The CAD for HCC on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI developed by CNN from HBP detected HCCs feasibly on HBP, T1WI, and PVP of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI obtained from multiple units and centers. This result imply that the CAD developed using single MRI sequence may be applied to other similar sequences and this will reduce labor and time for CAD development in multi-sequence MRI.
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2. Clinical Science > Department of Radiology > 1. Journal Articles
4. Research institute > Institute of Human Behavior and Genetics > 1. Journal Articles


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Kim, Min Ju
Anam Hospital (Department of Radiology, Anam Hospital)
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