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Therapeutic Applications of Extracellular Vesicles in Inflammatory Bowel Diseaseopen access

Authors
Kim, Sang HyunKeum, BoraKwak, SoounByun, JunhyoungShin, Jae MinKim, Tae Hoon
Issue Date
Jan-2024
Publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords
extracellular vesicles; inflammatory bowel disease; drug delivery system
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, v.25, no.2
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
Journal Title
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume
25
Number
2
URI
https://scholarworks.korea.ac.kr/kumedicine/handle/2021.sw.kumedicine/65422
DOI
10.3390/ijms25020745
ISSN
1661-6596
1422-0067
Abstract
The treatment landscape for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has undergone substantial advancements with the introduction of biologics. However, a considerable number of patients either show an immediate lack of response or lose responsiveness over time, necessitating the development of innovative and effective treatment approaches. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small lipid bilayer-enclosed structures that facilitate cell-to-cell molecular transfer and are integral to the pathogenesis of IBD. They play pivotal roles in maintaining the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier and the expulsion of cellular metabolites. The potential use of EVs as drug carriers or therapeutic agents has opened up a plethora of clinical applications. This review investigates the creation and content of EVs, their role in IBD development, and advances in their isolation and analytical techniques. Furthermore, the therapeutic promise they hold for IBD is explored, along with the latest research on their roles as IBD drug delivery systems.
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